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Skates are one of the most important and expensive pieces of hockey equipment you will purchase.  The following guidelines will help you fit your skates properly:

  • Examine your old skates, they can reveal quite a bit.  Look at the footbed to determine if the skates were too large.
  • Bauer, CCM, and Graf skates normally fit 1 to 11/2 sizes smaller then your shoe size.
  • Make sure you are wearing the same weight of sock that you will wear when skating.
  • While sitting down, put the skate on your feet and kick your heel firmly into the back of the boot.  (Hint: You may not want to do this on your wife's brand new hardwood floor - we are not responsible for any divorces!!)
  • Lace your skates up completely, stand straight up and walk around.
  • In this position, your toes should just "feather" the toe cap and should be able to reach out and touch the toe cap when extended.  Your toes should not feel crushed or curved at this point.
  • Walk around in the skates for a few more minutes.  If the heel does not slip or move, the skate feels snug but not uncomfortable, and the toes just "feather" the toe cap, then you have the proper fitting skates.

    * Please note: Because some people have one foot larger then the other, unless the skates are being custom built, a perfect fit for both feet will be harder to achieve.

Bauer Skates

Youth Sizes Adult Sizes
Shoe Size Hockey Skate Size Shoe Size Hockey Skate Size
8 7 5.5 4.5
9 8 6 5
10 9 6.5 5.5
11 10 7 6
12 11 7.5 6.5
13 12 8 7
1 13 8.5 7.5
1.5 13.5 9 8
2 1 9.5 8.5
2.5 1.5 10 9
3 2 10.5 9.5
3.5 2.5 11 10
4 3 11.5 10.5
4.5 3.5 12 11
5 4 12.5 11.5
    13 12
    13.5 12.5
    14 13
    14.5 13.5
    15 14
    15.5 14.5
    16 15

CCM Skates

Youth Sizes Adult Sizes
Shoe Size Hockey Skate Size Shoe Size Hockey Skate Size
8 7 5.5 4
9 8 6 4.5
10 9 6.5 5
11 10 7 5.5
12 11 7.5 6
13 12 8 6.5
1 13 8.5 7
1.5 13 9 7.5
2 13.5 9.5 8
2.5 1 10 8.5
3 1.5 10.5 9
3.5 2 11 9.5
4 2.5 11.5 10
4.5 3 12 10.5
5 3.5 12.5 11
    13 11.5
    13.5 12
    14 12.5
    14.5 13
    15 13.5
    15.5 14
    16 14.5

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Mouth Guards

Even if you wear a helmet with a mask, a mouth guard is a essential piece of protective equipment.  A good mouth guard can help protect you in 5 different ways:

  • Helps protect teeth by absorbing and deflecting impact force.
  • Helps protect your brain from concussion by dissipating the shock of a blow to the lower jaw.
  • Helps protect your TM joint from dislocation and related injuries by properly supporting and cushioning the lower jaw.
  • Helps protect oral tissue from laceration by shielding the lips, tongue, cheeks, and gums.
  • Helps protect jaw fracture by acting as a cushion between the upper and lower jaw.

Most Mouth Guards need to be dipped in hot water and fitted to the mouth, so that they can take shape.  Always follow the manufacturers instructions for a proper fit.  Mouth Guards usually come in just two sizes: Junior and Senior.

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The areas to consider when choosing a helmet are protection, comfort, and fit.  Although most helmets are lined with a protective foam, some do feel better then others.  The helmets should be adjusted to fit snug to prevent any shifting and maximize protection.  Make sure the chinstrap is adjusted so it gently makes contact under the chin when fastened.  Make sure that the helmet you are choosing is CSA and HECC certified.

To fit the helmet to your head, open it to its' largest setting, and gradually begin to downsize the helmet until a comfortable snug fit is achieved.  The helmet should rest on the head so that the rim is one finger width above the eyebrow.

Make sure to check helmet frequently for cracks or deterioration and replace it if necessary.

The following is a hockey helmet guideline only!

With a cloth measuring tape, Place the tape measure 1" above your eyebrows and measure the distance around your head. Use this measurement to determine the helmet size on the chart below.

Bauer and Nike
Extra Large 241/2 to 261/2 inches
Large 23 to 25 inches
Medium 22 to 231/2 inches
Small 21 to 221/2 inches
Large 22 to 237/8 inches
Medium 215/8 to 223/8 inches
Small 201/8 to 22 inches
Large 221/4 to 24 inches
Medium 211/4 to 221/4 inches
Small 191/2 to 211/4 inches
Sr. Large 22 to 237/8 inches
Sr. Medium 207/8 to 223/4 inches
Junior 201/2 to 223/4 inches

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Stick Fitting

If you were to ask 20 people how to properly cut a hockey stick, then you would probably get just as many different answers as there are people. Sticks are personal and most people are happy with the height that they now use.

  • Since it is very difficult to control an oversized or undersized stick, the length of your hockey stick must be correct for your size.
  • Hockey sticks come in two basic sizes: Junior and Senior.
    - Junior sticks are generally between 46-54 inches long.
    - Senior sticks are generally between 56-62 inches long.
  • Offensive players usually have a slightly shorter stick for better puck control.
  • Defensive players generally have a longer stick which is good for poking the puck away from an oncoming forward.
  • You will probably not be able to find a stick that is the exact right size.  Generally buy your stick a little long so that you can cut it down to the perfect fit.
  • To determine the proper stick length:
    - Stand in your stakes
    - Put the toe of the stick on the ground
    - The stick should reach somewhere between your chin and the
       tip of your nose.
    - Hockey regulations do not permit sticks longer then 63 inches
      from the hee (where the stick meets the blade) to the end of
      the shaft.

Sticks: Wood versus Composites

Wood Sticks

  • These are traditional sticks and are usually less expensive than modern composite sticks.
  • You are able to fine tune your stick by cutting it to make it more comfortable.
  • Wood sticks break more easily.
  • Wood sticks are heavier and tend to be stiffer than other materials.


Modern shafts come in all sorts of materials, including fibreglass, carbon-graphite, and kevlar.  The blades are usually still made of wood and are attached to the composite stick with glue.  These materials make for a lighter stick, but are generally more expensive then wood.


  • Fiberglass sticks have a wooden core and are wrapped/reinforced with a fiberglass outer coating.
  • They are the least expensive type of composite stick
  • Their wooden core makes them somewhat heavy
  • They are not as strong as other types of composite sticks


  • Graphite can be used many ways in stick construction.  It can be used to coat or reinforce a wooden core; it is sometimes mixed with kevlar to form the shaft; and it can also be used entirely on its own.
  • Graphite is more expensive than fibreglass and aluminium, but less expensive than kevlar.
  • Graphite sticks are considered strong and lightweight.
  • They use replaceable blades.


  • Kevlar is often mixed with graphite to form the shaft of a stick, but it can also be used on its own
  • Kevlar sticks are one of the most expensive
  • One of the strongest and more lightweight
  • They use replaceable blades

Sticks: Determining the proper shaft stiffness

  • The stiffness, or flex, of a stick's shaft is important in determining control and performance
  • Most stick shafts come in flexes of medium (85 stiffness), stiff measurement, or extra stiff (up to 110 stiff)
  • Beginning players should look for a light stick with a medium stiffness rating
  • Bigger, stronger players should choose a stick with a stiffer flex
  • Defensemen should choose a stiffer, heavier stick, while forwards should choose a lighter, more flexible shaft

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While the fit should be loose and comfortable the pants should have the ability to be secured firmly by a belt around the waist. Approximately 90% of all players will be able to use their waist size as their guide for choosing the correct size pant. The bottom of the pants need to overlap the top of the shin pad kneecaps by 1 or 2 inches.  When fitting pants for females, fit hips first, then check the length of the pant.

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Shoulder Pads

It is very important that the center of the player's shoulder lines up directly with the center of the shoulder caps. Good shoulder pads will provide protection for the collar bone, chest, ribs, back and upper arms. Shoulder pads that are too big will slip off of the shoulder and not provide adequate protection.

Measure the circumference of your chest by wrapping a tape measure around your chest just under your armpits.  This will give you a measurement that will help determine the proper shoulder pad size.

The sizing varies by manufacturer, but the table below can be used as reference to help you select the right size:

Pad Size
Adult XXL 44-48 111-121
Adult XL 42-46 105-115
Adult Large 40-43 99-109
Adult Medium 37-41 93-103
Adult Small 35-39 87-97
Adult XS 32-36 80-90
Child Medium 30-34 74-84
Child Small 28-32 69-79
Child XS 25-29 62-72
Child XXS 22-26 55-65

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A player's kneecap should fit directly into the center of the kneecap cup of the shin pad. The shin pad should then extend down the full length of the lower leg. It's important to make sure the shin pad isn't too long. If so, the skate would push it up and out of position.

To select a size, bend your leg at a 90 degree angle and measure the length of your shin from the center of your kneecap to the top of your skate boot.

  • Shin pads are sized in inches and come in both junior and senior sizes.
  • Cracked pads should be replaced or properly repaired immediately.

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Elbow Pads

The players elbow should fit comfortable into the center of the elbow pad cup. Also, a good elbow pad will provide forearm protection which extends down to the cuff of the player's hockey glove. Elbow pads that are loose will move around and not provide adequate protection. Use the table below for reference only.  Each elbow pad varies depending on what brand you choose.

Sizes Height
Youth Up to 4' 0"
XXS 4' 0" - 4' 10"
XS 4' 10" - 5' 6"
S 5' 4" - 6' 0"
M 5' 8" - 6' 4"
L 6' 0" +

If you are in doubt of the size you need, please do not hesitate to call our toll free number (1.800.796.5577).

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Hockey Gloves

The main concern with the fit of a glove is making sure the gap between the glove and the elbow pad is minimal. The tightness or looseness of a glove is an individual preference. The tip of the fingers should not go completely to the end of the glove. Gloves that are too small will tear and wear out faster than a proper fitting glove.

Put on your elbow pads. Hold your arm and hand outstretched. Measure the distance between the tips of your fingers and the bottom of your elbow pad.

Use the table below as a guideline only.

Glove Size Length
Adult Large 15 38
Adult Medium 14 35
Adult Small 13 33

Because the sizing may vary by manufacturer, please do not hesitate to call our toll free number (1.800.796.5577) if you need help in selecting the right size.

Standard Sizes:

  • Junior: 9-11 inches

  • Intermediate: 12-13 inches

  • Senior: 14-15 inches

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Goal Gear

Please note that all sizing formulas and charts that are listed below are only general guidelines for proper sizing of equipment. A lot of factors could cause variances from player to player including personal preference and different styles of play. We recommend players to call our toll free number (1.800.796.5577) and speak to Danny, our Goalie equipment expert.

Goal Pads

An easy way to properly estimate a goaltender's size for a pair of goal pads is to take the following three measurements:

1) Floor to mid-point of knee cap - _________" (A)

2) Mid-point of kneecap to desired height on thigh - _________" (B)

3) Skate size - _________ x 0.75 = _________ (C) - only add up to size 10 skate as goal skate shells (cowlings) do not get larger over size 10.

The estimated size of pads would then be (A) + (B) + (C). We also need goaltenders height to compare to the measurements, as it is very common for people to add to the "real" measurements and this can completely distort the required size.

Goalie Arm & Chest

Arm span (finger tip to finger tip) usually correlates directly to height. With this in mind, follow the charts below to estimate the proper size for an arm & chest protector:



Height (' & ")

Arm Span (")
Height & Arm Span (cm)
Extra Small
5'0" to 5'2"
60" - 62"
152cm - 158cm
5'3" to 5'5"
63" - 65"
159cm - 166cm
5'6" to 5'9"
66" - 69"
167cm - 176cm
5'10" to 6'0"
70" to 72"
177cm - 184cm
6'1" to 6'5"
73" to 77"
185cm - 196cm



Height (' & ")

Arm Span (")
Height & Arm Span (cm)
4'0" to 4'3"
48" - 51"
122cm - 130cm
4'4" to 4'7"
52" - 55"
131cm - 140cm
4'8" to 4'11"
56" - 59"
141cm - 149cm
4'11" to 5'1"
59" to 61"
150cm - 155cm
5'1" to 5'4"
61" to 64"
155cm - 163cm

Since sizing differs by manufacturer, we highly recommend that players call our toll free number (1.800.796.5577) and speak to Danny, our goalie equipment expert.

Goalie Trappers & Blockers

Your arm/chest pads and catcher/blocker gloves should provide continuous protection for the length of your arm and hand.  The cuff of your catcher/blocker gloves should extend one to two inches over bottom of the arm protection on your arm/chest pads.  To protect your fingertips, your fingers should not go all the way to the end of the gloves.  Catcher and blocker gloves are sold in "Regular" and "Full Right" styles.  "Regular" is for right-handed players who use their left hand for the catcher glove and their right hand for the blocker and stick.  "Full Right" is for left-handed players who use their right hand for the catcher glove and their left hand for the blocker and stick.

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design4, march 09 2005 - rightbar

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